Job Safety Analysis

A Job Safety Analysis (JSA) is a valuable tool for identifying hazards related to a specific job or work tasks. JSA is also used for developing accepted safe work practices in the workplace.

A safe work practice is the process or procedure of performing a work task in a manner that eliminates or significantly reduces the risk of injury by identifying and controlling the hazards. Safe work practices are an essential component of a Safety Management System.  In order to develop appropriate safe work practices at your workplace you will need to do a job safety analysis on all assigned work tasks.

The four basic stages for conducting a JSA are:

  • Selecting the job to be analyzed
  • Breaking the job down into a sequence of steps
  • Identifying potential hazards
  • Determining preventive measures to overcome these hazards

Following the completion of every JSA, it is important to communicate the results to all workers who are or will be performing that job. This communication must be both verbal and well-documented to ensure a full understanding of the safe practices and expected outcomes.

JSAs should be reviewed on a regular basis (minimum annually) or when changes to the specific work task have occurred.

SASWH acknowledges the collaborative approach of its JSA Working Group to develop user friendly documents and templates for members. As additional resources are developed they will be added to this resource list. SASWH Safety Specialists are available to support members with using these resources.


JSA Templates (in Excel Format):


Sample Policies:

Risk Matrix:


Best and Promising Practice:

SASWH has identified a Sunrise Health Region best and promising practice on the use of this template applied to roles with healthcare.


The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS) answers the following questions: